WASHINGTON: A team of researchers has designed the most precise quantum thermometer to date.
Researchers from the UAB and the University of Nottingham, in an article, have fixed the limits of thermometry, i.e., they have established the smallest possible fluctuation in temperature which can be measured.
The researchers have studied the sensitivity of thermometers created with a handful of atoms, small enough to be capable of showing typical quantum-style behaviours.
The researchers characterized these types of probes in detail, devices which could provide an estimation of the temperature with a never before seen precision.
To do so, they combined thermodynamic tools with quantum metrology, which deals with ultra-precise measures in quantum systems.
The physicists searched to find the maximum precision which could be achieved in a real situation, in which measuring time could be very brief given unavoidable experimental limitations.
In the study, they also observed that these thermometers could maintain a constant sensitivity in a wide range of temperatures by sacrificing some of their precision.
The study is published in Physical Review Letters.